Normal Variants In Orthopedics

The essentials – Most minor orthopedic problems in children are self-correcting. – Bowing of the legs is normal in toddlers. – Flat feet are not normally a cause of foot pain. – Pes cavus is not a disease but a physical sign and suggests pathology. – Toe walking is a normal part of many children’s…

A Short Guide To The Care Of Flat Feet

Pes planus refers to a flat foot deformity where the normal medial longitudinal arch is low or absent. It is also sometimes described as fallen arches. The structure and function of the medial longitudinal arch are influenced by several support systems including the tibialis posterior tendon (which runs behind the medial malleolus), the bones (via…